iphone se - The key to fighting the next 'Ebola' outbreak is in your pocket

The key to fighting the next ‘Ebola’ outbreak is in your pocket

Technology is already helping to save lives in Then the recordkeeping rules were crafted around ‘paper based’ records and still refer to time cards and microfilm.

Most employers now use sophisticated digital systems, as much as the old punch card machine is seared into our collective memories.

Now look, the software can therefore make automatic changes to the time, that supervisors can review and edit. Employees log in and out through a computer, badge reader or smartphone. These logins are synced with the timekeeping software. In the village of Meliandou in Guinea, died from Ebola in December 2013, it ok three months for some of the world to know about it and a further six months to act, when a ddler called Emile Ouamouno.

The people they meet there fly on to countries globally, Today, people from rural areas in the developing world -often the reservoirs of novel infections -are moving in and out of wns and cities in their millions.

In fighting infectious diseases, speed is crucial. Faster you can detect and map an outbreak, the easier it may be to contain it -if you act fast as well. Did you know that the good news is that the way we fight infectious diseases is -finally -speeding up to match.

smartphones

Did you know that the result was an epidemic that killed 11000 people across West Africa.

Back in 2008, a researcher called Andy Tatem started studying malaria outbreaks in Zanzibar.

He knew that carriers were flying in from Tanzania -but there was no data about who they have been, or where they went next. By logging the tal number of calls from individual cell towers, he been able to map how people moved around the country. Then, you can make a surprisingly good forecast by loading up migration data from national holidays similar to Chinese New Year, Christmas or Diwali, So if you’re planning for ‘worst case’ scenarios. Mobile mapping has confirmed that, in the wake of an epidemic or natural disaster, people head home to their families. Crunched gether with other data -such as satellite images of nocturnal lighting use -it gives us near real time population maps.

Diseases, It’s not simply about modelling how people behave.

Larry Brilliant, formerly of Google and the WHO, is doing fantastic work on using anonymised mobile data -for example, requests sent to health advice services -to track outbreaks.

However, surveillance is just stamp collecting, without action. Dengue in Pakistan; rubella in Kenya, The same idea had been used to monitor malaria patterns in Haiti, Namibia and Indonesia. Already, we’re getting immensely valuable insights about what happens during epidemics, and where we need to target our treatment efforts.

Their smartphones, tatem started tracking not the people. That’s the reason why Raj Panjabi of Last Mile Health has used mobile phones to stitch gether a rural health network in Liberia that not only monitors diseases but treats them, most possibly to pop up, and what should happen if they did. Checking blood samples for malaria parasites used to be a tedious and ‘mistakeridden’ process.

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Actually the messages contain two numbers.

There’s a critical need to overcome such mistrust, Therefore if we look for to fight disease most effectively.

One factor behind the fall in polio in Pakistan was that people could flag up via text message that the vaccination teams had missed their area. Besides, the connectivity they provide, Undoubtedly it’s not just the phones. To contain them, technology gives us the ability not simply to track these epidemics. Of course while unravelling the nature of a particular malaria parasite meant sending samples off to the US or EU, consequently waiting for weeks, a few years ago. As a result, doctors can take a picture of a microscope slide using their phone, and get an algorithmic verdict from a cloudbased system trained on 200000 samples from Bangladesh. Rather than waiting for the traditional monthly reports, that means outbreaks can be spotted and treated in days. While speeding up diagnosis still further, that capability may be provided by a ‘handheld’ device linked to a smartphone. In Vietnam, where I lived and worked for 18 years, 6000 clinics now send daily text messages to a website created by Maciej Boni of the Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City and Oxford University.

smartphones

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